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奥巴马卸任演讲稿(全文)

时间: 2019-08-20 12:13 | 作者:星魂文章网 | 来源: 星魂文章网 | 编辑:星魂文章网 | 阅读:

  当地时间1月10日21时(北京时间11日10时),即将卸任的美国总统奥巴马在其第二故乡芝加哥发表卸任演讲,回顾自己八年来的总统任期。以下为您带来奥巴马卸任演讲稿全文及中文翻译,欢迎浏览!

  奥巴马卸任演讲稿(全文)Itsgoodtobehome.MyfellowAmericans,MichelleandIhavebeensotouchedbyallthewell-wisheswevereceivedoverthepastfewweeks.Buttonightitsmyturntosaythanks.Whetherweveseeneye-to-eyeorrarelyagreedatall,myconversationswithyou,theAmericanpeopleinlivingroomsandschools;atfarmsandonfactoryfloors;atdinersandondistantoutpostsarewhathavekeptmehonest,keptmeinspired,andkeptmegoing.Everyday,Ilearnedfromyou.YoumademeabetterPresident,andyoumademeabetterman.

  IfirstcametoChicagowhenIwasinmyearlytwenties,stilltryingtofigureoutwhoIwas;stillsearchingforapurposetomylife.ItwasinneighborhoodsnotfarfromherewhereIbeganworkingwithchurchgroupsintheshadowsofclosedsteelmills.ItwasonthesestreetswhereIwitnessedthepoweroffaith,andthequietdignityofworkingpeopleinthefaceofstruggleandloss.ThisiswhereIlearnedthatchangeonlyhappenswhenordinarypeoplegetinvolved,getengaged,andcometogethertodemandit.

  AftereightyearsasyourPresident,Istillbelievethat.Anditsnotjustmybelief.ItsthebeatingheartofourAmericanideaourboldexperimentinself-government.

  Itstheconvictionthatweareallcreatedequal,endowedbyourCreatorwithcertainunalienablerights,amongthemlife,liberty,andthepursuitofhappiness.

  Itstheinsistencethattheserights,whileself-evident,haveneverbeenself-executing;thatWe,thePeople,throughtheinstrumentofourdemocracy,canformamoreperfectunion.

  ThisisthegreatgiftourFoundersgaveus.Thefreedomtochaseourinpidualdreamsthroughoursweat,toil,andimaginationandtheimperativetostrivetogetheraswell,toachieveagreatergood.

  For240years,ournationscalltocitizenshiphasgivenworkandpurposetoeachnewgeneration.Itswhatledpatriotstochooserepublicovertyranny,pioneerstotrekwest,slavestobravethatmakeshiftrailroadtofreedom.ItswhatpulledimmigrantsandrefugeesacrossoceansandtheRioGrande,pushedwomentoreachfortheballot,poweredworkerstoorganize.ItswhyGIsgavetheirlivesatOmahaBeachandIwoJima;IraqandAfghanistanandwhymenandwomenfromSelmatoStonewallwerepreparedtogivetheirsaswell.

  SothatswhatwemeanwhenwesayAmericaisexceptional.Notthatournationhasbeenflawlessfromthestart,butthatwehaveshownthecapacitytochange,andmakelifebetterforthosewhofollow.

  Yes,ourprogresshasbeenuneven.Theworkofdemocracyhasalwaysbeenhard,contentiousandsometimesbloody.Foreverytwostepsforward,itoftenfeelswetakeonestepback.ButthelongsweepofAmericahasbeendefinedbyforwardmotion,aconstantwideningofourfoundingcreedtoembraceall,andnotjustsome.

  IfIhadtoldyoueightyearsagothatAmericawouldreverseagreatrecession,rebootourautoindustry,andunleashthelongeststretchofjobcreationinourhistoryifIhadtoldyouthatwewouldopenupanewchapterwiththeCubanpeople,shutdownIransnuclearweaponsprogramwithoutfiringashot,andtakeoutthemastermindof9/11ifIhadtoldyouthatwewouldwinmarriageequality,andsecuretherighttohealthinsuranceforanother20millionofourfellowcitizensyoumighthavesaidoursightsweresetalittletoohigh.

  Butthatswhatwedid.Thatswhatyoudid.Youwerethechange.Youansweredpeopleshopes,andbecauseofyou,byalmosteverymeasure,Americaisabetter,strongerplacethanitwaswhenwestarted.

  Intendays,theworldwillwitnessahallmarkofourdemocracy:thepeacefultransferofpowerfromonefreely-electedpresidenttothenext.IcommittedtoPresident-ElectTrumpthatmyadministrationwouldensurethesmoothestpossibletransition,justasPresidentBushdidforme.Becauseitsuptoallofustomakesureourgovernmentcanhelpusmeetthemanychallengeswestillface.

  Wehavewhatweneedtodoso.Afterall,weremainthewealthiest,mostpowerful,andmostrespectednationonEarth.Ouryouthanddrive,ourpersityandopenness,ourboundlesscapacityforriskandreinventionmeanthatthefutureshouldbeours.

  Butthatpotentialwillberealizedonlyifourdemocracyworks.Onlyifourpoliticsreflectsthedecencyoftheourpeople.Onlyifallofus,regardlessofourpartyaffiliationorparticularinterest,helprestorethesenseofcommonpurposethatwesobadlyneedrightnow.

  ThatswhatIwanttofocusontonightthestateofourdemocracy.

  Understand,democracydoesnotrequireuniformity.Ourfoundersquarreledandcompromised,andexpectedustodothesame.Buttheyknewthatdemocracydoesrequireabasicsenseofsolidaritytheideathatforallouroutwarddifferences,weareallinthistogether;thatweriseorfallasone.

  Therehavebeenmomentsthroughoutourhistorythatthreatenedtorupturethatsolidarity.Thebeginningofthiscenturyhasbeenoneofthosetimes.Ashrinkingworld,growinginequality;demographicchangeandthespecterofterrorismtheseforceshaventjusttestedoursecurityandprosperity,butourdemocracyaswell.Andhowwemeetthesechallengestoourdemocracywilldetermineourabilitytoeducateourkids,andcreategoodjobs,andprotectourhomeland.

  Inotherwords,itwilldetermineourfuture.

  Ourdemocracywontworkwithoutasensethateveryonehaseconomicopportunity.Today,theeconomyisgrowingagain;wages,incomes,homevalues,andretirementaccountsarerisingagain;povertyisfallingagain.Thewealthyarepayingafairershareoftaxesevenasthestockmarketshattersrecords.Theunemploymentrateisnearaten-yearlow.Theuninsuredratehasnever,everbeenlower.Healthcarecostsarerisingattheslowestrateinfiftyyears.AndifanyonecanputtogetheraplanthatisdemonstrablybetterthantheimprovementswevemadetoourhealthcaresystemthatcoversasmanypeopleatlesscostIwillpubliclysupportit.

  That,afterall,iswhyweservetomakepeopleslivesbetter,notworse.

  Butforalltherealprogresswevemade,weknowitsnotenough.Oureconomydoesntworkaswellorgrowasfastwhenafewprosperattheexpenseofagrowingmiddleclass.Butstarkinequalityisalsocorrosivetoourdemocraticprinciples.Whilethetoponepercenthasamassedabiggershareofwealthandincome,toomanyfamilies,ininnercitiesandruralcounties,havebeenleftbehindthelaid-offfactoryworker;thewaitressandhealthcareworkerwhostruggletopaythebillsconvincedthatthegameisfixedagainstthem,thattheirgovernmentonlyservestheinterestsofthepowerfularecipeformorecynicismandpolarizationinourpolitics.

  Therearenoquickfixestothislong-termtrend.Iagreethatourtradeshouldbefairandnotjustfree.Butthenextwaveofeconomicdislocationwontcomefromoverseas.Itwillcomefromtherelentlesspaceofautomationthatmakesmanygood,middle-classjobsobsolete.

  Andsowemustforgeanewsocialcompacttoguaranteeallourkidstheeducationtheyneed;togiveworkersthepowertounionizeforbetterwages;toupdatethesocialsafetynettoreflectthewaywelivenowandmakemorereformstothetaxcodesocorporationsandinpidualswhoreapthemostfromtheneweconomydontavoidtheirobligationstothecountrythatsmadetheirsuccesspossible.Wecanargueabouthowtobestachievethesegoals.Butwecantbecomplacentaboutthegoalsthemselves.Forifwedontcreateopportunityforallpeople,thedisaffectionandpisionthathasstalledourprogresswillonlysharpeninyearstocome.

  Theresasecondthreattoourdemocracyoneasoldasournationitself.Aftermyelection,therewastalkofapost-racialAmerica.Suchavision,howeverwell-intended,wasneverrealistic.Forraceremainsapotentandoftenpisiveforceinoursociety.Ivelivedlongenoughtoknowthatracerelationsarebetterthantheywereten,ortwenty,orthirtyyearsagoyoucanseeitnotjustinstatistics,butintheattitudesofyoungAmericansacrossthepoliticalspectrum.

  Butwerenotwhereweneedtobe.Allofushavemoreworktodo.Afterall,ifeveryeconomicissueisframedasastrugglebetweenahardworkingwhitemiddleclassandundeservingminorities,thenworkersofallshadeswillbeleftfightingforscrapswhilethewealthywithdrawfurtherintotheirprivateenclaves.Ifwedeclinetoinvestinthechildrenofimmigrants,justbecausetheydontlooklikeus,wediminishtheprospectsofourownchildrenbecausethosebrownkidswillrepresentalargershareofAmericasworkforce.Andoureconomydoesnthavetobeazero-sumgame.Lastyear,incomesroseforallraces,allagegroups,formenandforwomen.

  Goingforward,wemustupholdlawsagainstdiscriminationinhiring,inhousing,ineducationandthecriminaljusticesystem.ThatswhatourConstitutionandhighestidealsrequire.Butlawsalonewontbeenough.Heartsmustchange.Ifourdemocracyistoworkinthisincreasinglypersenation,eachoneofusmusttrytoheedtheadviceofoneofthegreatcharactersinAmericanfiction,AtticusFinch,whosaidYouneverreallyunderstandapersonuntilyouconsiderthingsfromhispointofviewuntilyouclimbintohisskinandwalkaroundinit.

  Forblacksandotherminorities,itmeanstyingourownstrugglesforjusticetothechallengesthatalotofpeopleinthiscountryfacetherefugee,theimmigrant,theruralpoor,thetransgenderAmerican,andalsothemiddle-agedwhitemanwhofromtheoutsidemayseemlikehesgotalltheadvantages,butwhosseenhisworldupendedbyeconomic,cultural,andtechnologicalchange.

  ForwhiteAmericans,itmeansacknowledgingthattheeffectsofslaveryandJimCrowdidntsuddenlyvanishinthe60s;thatwhenminoritygroupsvoicediscontent,theyrenotjustengaginginreverseracismorpracticingpoliticalcorrectness;thatwhentheywagepeacefulprotest,theyrenotdemandingspecialtreatment,buttheequaltreatmentourFounderspromised.

  Fornative-bornAmericans,itmeansremindingourselvesthatthestereotypesaboutimmigrantstodayweresaid,almostwordforword,abouttheIrish,Italians,andPoles.Americawasntweakenedbythepresenceofthesenewcomers;theyembracedthisnationscreed,anditwasstrengthened.

  Soregardlessofthestationweoccupy;wehavetotryharder;tostartwiththepremisethateachofourfellowcitizenslovesthiscountryjustasmuchaswedo;thattheyvaluehardworkandfamilylikewedo;thattheirchildrenarejustascuriousandhopefulandworthyofloveasourown.

  Noneofthisiseasy.Fortoomanyofus,itsbecomesafertoretreatintoourownbubbles,whetherinourneighborhoodsorcollegecampusesorplacesofworshiporoursocialmediafeeds,surroundedbypeoplewholooklikeusandsharethesamepoliticaloutlookandneverchallengeourassumptions.Theriseofnakedpartisanship,increasingeconomicandregionalstratification,thesplinteringofourmediaintoachannelforeverytasteallthismakesthisgreatsortingseemnatural,eveninevitable.Andincreasingly,webecomesosecureinourbubblesthatweacceptonlyinformation,whethertrueornot,thatfitsouropinions,insteadofbasingouropinionsontheevidencethatsoutthere.

  Thistrendrepresentsathirdthreattoourdemocracy.Politicsisabattleofideas;inthecourseofahealthydebate,wellprioritizedifferentgoals,andthedifferentmeansofreachingthem.Butwithoutsomecommonbaselineoffacts;withoutawillingnesstoadmitnewinformation,andconcedethatyouropponentismakingafairpoint,andthatscienceandreasonmatter,wellkeeptalkingpasteachother,makingcommongroundandcompromiseimpossible.

  Isntthatpartofwhatmakespoliticssodispiriting?Howcanelectedofficialsrageaboutdeficitswhenweproposetospendmoneyonpreschoolforkids,butnotwhenwerecuttingtaxesforcorporations?Howdoweexcuseethicallapsesinourownparty,butpouncewhentheotherpartydoesthesamething?Itsnotjustdishonest,thisselectivesortingofthefacts;itsself-defeating.Becauseasmymotherusedtotellme,realityhasawayofcatchingupwithyou.

  Takethechallengeofclimatechange.Injusteightyears,wevehalvedourdependenceonforeignoil,doubledourrenewableenergy,andledtheworldtoanagreementthathasthepromisetosavethisplanet.Butwithoutbolderaction,ourchildrenwonthavetimetodebatetheexistenceofclimatechange;theyllbebusydealingwithitseffects:environmentaldisasters,economicdisruptions,andwavesofclimaterefugeesseekingsanctuary.

  Now,wecanandshouldargueaboutthebestapproachtotheproblem.Buttosimplydenytheproblemnotonlybetraysfuturegenerations;itbetraystheessentialspiritofinnovationandpracticalproblem-solvingthatguidedourFounders.

  Itsthatspirit,bornoftheEnlightenment,thatmadeusaneconomicpowerhousethespiritthattookflightatKittyHawkandCapeCanaveral;thespiritthatthatcuresdiseaseandputacomputerineverypocket.

  Itsthatspiritafaithinreason,andenterprise,andtheprimacyofrightovermight,thatallowedustoresistthelureoffascismandtyrannyduringtheGreatDepression,andbuildapost-WorldWarIIorderwithotherdemocracies,anorderbasednotjustonmilitarypowerornationalaffiliationsbutonprinciplestheruleoflaw,humanrights,freedomsofreligion,speech,assembly,andanindependentpress.

  ThatorderisnowbeingchallengedfirstbyviolentfanaticswhoclaimtospeakforIslam;morerecentlybyautocratsinforeigncapitalswhoseefreemarkets,opendemocracies,andcivilsocietyitselfasathreattotheirpower.Theperileachposestoourdemocracyismorefar-reachingthanacarbomboramissile.Itrepresentsthefearofchange;thefearofpeoplewholookorspeakorpraydifferently;acontemptfortheruleoflawthatholdsleadersaccountable;anintoleranceofdissentandfreethought;abeliefthattheswordorthegunorthebomborpropagandamachineistheultimatearbiterofwhatstrueandwhatsright.

  Becauseoftheextraordinarycourageofourmenandwomeninuniform,andtheintelligenceofficers,lawenforcement,anddiplomatswhosupportthem,noforeignterroristorganizationhassuccessfullyplannedandexecutedanattackonourhomelandthesepasteightyears;andalthoughBostonandOrlandoremindusofhowdangerousradicalizationcanbe,ourlawenforcementagenciesaremoreeffectiveandvigilantthanever.WevetakenouttensofthousandsofterroristsincludingOsamabinLaden.TheglobalcoalitionwereleadingagainstISILhastakenouttheirleaders,andtakenawayabouthalftheirterritory.ISILwillbedestroyed,andnoonewhothreatensAmericawilleverbesafe.Toallwhoserve,ithasbeenthehonorofmylifetimetobeyourCommander-in-Chief.

  Butprotectingourwayofliferequiresmorethanourmilitary.Democracycanbucklewhenwegiveintofear.Sojustaswe,ascitizens,mustremainvigilantagainstexternalaggression,wemustguardagainstaweakeningofthevaluesthatmakeuswhoweare.Thatswhy,forthepasteightyears,Iveworkedtoputthefightagainstterrorismonafirmlegalfooting.Thatswhyweveendedtorture,workedtocloseGitmo,andreformourlawsgoverningsurveillancetoprotectprivacyandcivilliberties.ThatswhyIrejectdiscriminationagainstMuslimAmericans.Thatswhywecannotwithdrawfromglobalfightstoexpanddemocracy,andhumanrights,womensrights,andLGBTrightsnomatterhowimperfectourefforts,nomatterhowexpedientignoringsuchvaluesmayseem.Forthefightagainstextremismandintoleranceandsectarianismareofapiecewiththefightagainstauthoritarianismandnationalistaggression.Ifthescopeoffreedomandrespectfortheruleoflawshrinksaroundtheworld,thelikelihoodofwarwithinandbetweennationsincreases,andourownfreedomswilleventuallybethreatened.

  Soletsbevigilant,butnotafraid.ISILwilltrytokillinnocentpeople.ButtheycannotdefeatAmericaunlesswebetrayourConstitutionandourprinciplesinthefight.RivalslikeRussiaorChinacannotmatchourinfluencearoundtheworldunlesswegiveupwhatwestandfor,andturnourselvesintojustanotherbigcountrythatbulliessmallerneighbors.

  Whichbringsmetomyfinalpointourdemocracyisthreatenedwheneverwetakeitforgranted.Allofus,regardlessofparty,shouldthrowourselvesintothetaskofrebuildingourdemocraticinstitutions.Whenvotingratesaresomeofthelowestamongadvanceddemocracies,weshouldmakeiteasier,notharder,tovote.Whentrustinourinstitutionsislow,weshouldreducethecorrosiveinfluenceofmoneyinourpolitics,andinsistontheprinciplesoftransparencyandethicsinpublicservice.WhenCongressisdysfunctional,weshoulddrawourdistrictstoencouragepoliticianstocatertocommonsenseandnotrigidextremes.

  Andallofthisdependsonourparticipation;oneachofusacceptingtheresponsibilityofcitizenship,regardlessofwhichwaythependulumofpowerswings.

  OurConstitutionisaremarkable,beautifulgift.Butitsreallyjustapieceofparchment.Ithasnopoweronitsown.We,thepeople,giveitpowerwithourparticipation,andthechoiceswemake.Whetherornotwestandupforourfreedoms.Whetherornotwerespectandenforcetheruleoflaw.Americaisnofragilething.Butthegainsofourlongjourneytofreedomarenotassured.

  Inhisownfarewelladdress,GeorgeWashingtonwrotethatself-governmentistheunderpinningofoursafety,prosperity,andliberty,butfromdifferentcausesandfromdifferentquartersmuchpainswillbetakentoweakeninyourmindstheconvictionofthistruth;thatweshouldpreserveitwithjealousanxiety;thatweshouldrejectthefirstdawningofeveryattempttoalienateanyportionofourcountryfromtherestortoenfeeblethesacredtiesthatmakeusone.

  Weweakenthosetieswhenweallowourpoliticaldialoguetobecomesocorrosivethatpeopleofgoodcharacterareturnedofffrompublicservice;socoarsewithrancorthatAmericanswithwhomwedisagreearenotjustmisguided,butsomehowmalevolent.WeweakenthosetieswhenwedefinesomeofusasmoreAmericanthanothers;whenwewriteoffthewholesystemasinevitablycorrupt,andblametheleadersweelectwithoutexaminingourownroleinelectingthem.

  Itfallstoeachofustobethoseanxious,jealousguardiansofourdemocracy;toembracethejoyoustaskwevebeengiventocontinuallytrytoimprovethisgreatnationofours.Becauseforallouroutwarddifferences,weallsharethesameproudtitle:Citizen.

  Ultimately,thatswhatourdemocracydemands.Itneedsyou.Notjustwhentheresanelection,notjustwhenyourownnarrowinterestisatstake,butoverthefullspanofalifetime.Ifyouretiredofarguingwithstrangersontheinternet,trytotalkwithoneinreallife.Ifsomethingneedsfixing,laceupyourshoesanddosomeorganizing.Ifyouredisappointedbyyourelectedofficials,grabaclipboard,getsomesignatures,andrunforofficeyourself.Showup.Divein.Persevere.Sometimesyoullwin.Sometimesyoulllose.Presumingareservoirofgoodnessinotherscanbearisk,andtherewillbetimeswhentheprocessdisappointsyou.Butforthoseofusfortunateenoughtohavebeenapartofthiswork,toseeitupclose,letmetellyou,itcanenergizeandinspire.Andmoreoftenthannot,yourfaithinAmericaandinAmericanswillbeconfirmed.

  Minesurehasbeen.Overthecourseoftheseeightyears,Iveseenthehopefulfacesofyounggraduatesandournewestmilitaryofficers.Ivemournedwithgrievingfamiliessearchingforanswers,andfoundgraceinCharlestonchurch.Iveseenourscientistshelpaparalyzedmanregainhissenseoftouch,andourwoundedwarriorswalkagain.Iveseenourdoctorsandvolunteersrebuildafterearthquakesandstoppandemicsintheirtracks.Iveseentheyoungestofchildrenremindusofourobligationstocareforrefugees,toworkinpeace,andabovealltolookoutforeachother.

  ThatfaithIplacedallthoseyearsago,notfarfromhere,inthepowerofordinaryAmericanstobringaboutchangethatfaithhasbeenrewardedinwaysIcouldntpossiblyhaveimagined.Ihopeyourshas,too.Someofyouheretonightorwatchingathomeweretherewithusin2004,in2008,in2017andmaybeyoustillcantbelievewepulledthiswholethingoff.

  Yourenottheonlyones.Michelleforthepasttwenty-fiveyears,youvebeennotonlymywifeandmotherofmychildren,butmybestfriend.Youtookonaroleyoudidntaskforandmadeityourownwithgraceandgritandstyleandgoodhumor.YoumadetheWhiteHouseaplacethatbelongstoeverybody.Andanewgenerationsetsitssightshigherbecauseithasyouasarolemodel.Youvemademeproud.Youvemadethecountryproud.

  MaliaandSasha,underthestrangestofcircumstances,youhavebecometwoamazingyoungwomen,smartandbeautiful,butmoreimportantly,kindandthoughtfulandfullofpassion.Youworetheburdenofyearsinthespotlightsoeasily.OfallthatIvedoneinmylife,Immostproudtobeyourdad.

  ToJoeBiden,thescrappykidfromScrantonwhobecameDelawaresfavoriteson:youwerethefirstchoiceImadeasanominee,andthebest.NotjustbecauseyouhavebeenagreatVicePresident,butbecauseinthebargain,Igainedabrother.WeloveyouandJilllikefamily,andyourfriendshiphasbeenoneofthegreatjoysofourlife.

  Tomyremarkablestaff:Foreightyearsandforsomeofyou,awholelotmoreIvedrawnfromyourenergy,andtriedtoreflectbackwhatyoudisplayedeveryday:heart,andcharacter,andidealism.Ivewatchedyougrowup,getmarried,havekids,andstartincrediblenewjourneysofyourown.Evenwhentimesgottoughandfrustrating,youneverletWashingtongetthebetterofyou.Theonlythingthatmakesmeprouderthanallthegoodwevedoneisthethoughtofalltheremarkablethingsyoullachievefromhere.

  Andtoallofyououtthereeveryorganizerwhomovedtoanunfamiliartownandkindfamilywhowelcomedthemin,everyvolunteerwhoknockedondoors,everyyoungpersonwhocastaballotforthefirsttime,everyAmericanwholivedandbreathedthehardworkofchangeyouarethebestsupportersandorganizersanyonecouldhopefor,andIwillforeverbegrateful.Becauseyes,youchangedtheworld.

  ThatswhyIleavethisstagetonightevenmoreoptimisticaboutthiscountrythanIwaswhenwestarted.BecauseIknowourworkhasnotonlyhelpedsomanyAmericans;ithasinspiredsomanyAmericansespeciallysomanyyoungpeopleouttheretobelieveyoucanmakeadifference;tohitchyourwagontosomethingbiggerthanyourselves.Thisgenerationcomingupunselfish,altruistic,creative,patrioticIveseenyouineverycornerofthecountry.Youbelieveinafair,just,inclusiveAmerica;youknowthatconstantchangehasbeenAmericashallmark,somethingnottofearbuttoembrace,andyouarewillingtocarrythishardworkofdemocracyforward.Youllsoonoutnumberanyofus,andIbelieveasaresultthatthefutureisingoodhands.

  MyfellowAmericans,ithasbeenthehonorofmylifetoserveyou.Iwontstop;infact,Iwillberighttherewithyou,asacitizen,forallmydaysthatremain.Fornow,whetheryoureyoungoryoungatheart,IdohaveonefinalaskofyouasyourPresidentthesamethingIaskedwhenyoutookachanceonmeeightyearsago.

  Iamaskingyoutobelieve.Notinmyabilitytobringaboutchangebutinyours.

  Iamaskingyoutoholdfasttothatfaithwrittenintoourfoundingdocuments;thatideawhisperedbyslavesandabolitionists;thatspiritsungbyimmigrantsandhomesteadersandthosewhomarchedforjustice;thatcreedreaffirmedbythosewhoplantedflagsfromforeignbattlefieldstothesurfaceofthemoon;acreedatthecoreofeveryAmericanwhosestoryisnotyetwritten:

  YesWeCan.

  YesWeDid.

  YesWeCan.

  Thankyou.Godblessyou.AndmayGodcontinuetoblesstheUnitedStatesofAmerica.

  译文:

  很高兴回家,回到芝加哥!回家真好!

  正如你们所见,我现在是个跛脚鸭总统,因为没有人再听从我的指示,正如现场大家每个人都有个座位。

  很高兴回到家乡。我的朋友们,过去几周中我们收到了许多真诚的祝福,我和米歇尔深受感动。今晚,轮到我来对你们说声感谢。不论我们站在相同的政治立场上还是从未达成共识,不论我们是在房间还是学校、农场还是工厂车间、餐桌还是野外,我们之间的对话都让我更加诚实、更加奋进,也帮助我深受启发。每天,我都在向你们学习。你们帮助我成为一个更称职的总统,也帮助我成为一个更好的人。

  我是在二十多岁的时候第一次来芝加哥,当时我仍然处于懵懵懂懂的阶段,仍然在寻求生活的意义。我开始与一些教会团体在已经关门的钢铁生产厂附近工作,当时那些小区离今天的会场不远。在那些街道中,我见证了信仰的力量,也在工人斗争中见证了工人阶级无声的尊严。这个时候,我明白了只有当普通人民团结起来、参与进来并致力于争取权力,社会变革才能发生。

  在担任八年的美国总统后,我仍然相信这一条结论。这不仅仅是我个人的想法,也是根植在美国人心中的核心价值观,即寻求自主管理的大胆实验。

  我们每个人相信,我们生来平等,享有造物主赋予我们的一些不可剥夺的权利,包括生命、自由和追求幸福的权利。

  尽管这些权利看上去是显而易见,但是这些权利却从来不会自动实现。正是美国人民通过民主政治的渠道,坚持追求这些权利,我们才能够成为一个更加完美的联合体。

  这是我们的先驱赋予我们的礼物,让我们有自由通过自己的辛勤劳动、梦想和努力来追求每个人不同的梦想。当然,每个美国人也应当同心协力,才能实现更加伟大的创举。

  在过去240年中,美国精神一直鼓励每个美国公民积极行使公民权利,这给每一代美国人赋予了努力的方向。这也是鼓舞美国人推翻集权选择共和制度、探索开发西部地区以及修筑铁路的奴隶奋起反抗要求自由的动力。这种美国精神将漂洋过海和来自格兰德河的移民和难民凝聚在一起,鼓励美国女性走向投票站,也促使工人团结形成工会。这也是鼓舞美国士兵在奥巴马海滩、硫磺岛、伊拉克和阿富汗等战场抛头颅洒热血的精神。这更是鼓励塞尔玛小镇上黑人民权斗士和石墙中同性恋运动人士捍卫自身权利的精神。

  这也是为什么美国如此特别。美国的独特之处不在于我们从一开始就拥有完美的制度,而是我们有能力改变,并帮助那些寻求改变的人过上更好的生活。

  是的,我们一路走来并非一帆风顺。推动民主体制向来非常困难,有时甚至需要激烈争辩或流血冲突。每当我们向前走两步时,很多时候都感觉好像反而是退了一步。但是,美国历史一直是在进步,一直在扩大建国精神的范围,来包容美国各个阶层和社会群体。

  八年前,如果我告诉你美国能够从金融危机中走出来、重建汽车制造行业、并实现美国历史上就业岗位连续增长的最长记录,如果我告诉你我们能够与古巴重建外交关系并写下历史的新篇章、在不动用武力的前提下关闭伊朗核武器研究项目、并消灭911恐怖主义袭击事件的首脑,如果我告诉你我们能够实现婚姻平等、满足2000万美国人提供医疗保险的需求,当时的你或许会觉得我想得太远了。

  但是,我们都做到了。这些都是你们取得的成就,你们就是实现这些变革的动力。你们满足了美国人民的愿望,也因为你们,美国在各个方面都变得更好,比我刚上任时更加强大。

  权力从一个自由选举的总统向下一任转移的过程是平稳有序的,这是非常重要的。我曾向特朗普承诺,我的政治团队将确保此次换届过程非常平稳,就像当初布什总统把权力交接给我一样。因为,我们每个人首先要保证美国政府未来有能力解决我们现在仍然面临的问题。

  在美国历史中,曾经有过几次内部团结被破坏的时候。本世纪初,就是美国社会团结遭到威胁的一个时期。世界各国联系更加紧密,但是社会不平等问题更加突出,恐怖主义的威胁也更加严重。这些因素不仅仅会考验美国的安全和法弄,也对美国的民众体制产生威胁。未来,我们如何迎接这些民主挑战将关系到我们是否能正确教育下一代、继续创造就业岗位并保护美国的国土安全

  医疗保险政策

  目前,美国未参保人数比例大幅下降,医疗保健费用增速已将降至过去50年以来最低水平。如果任何人能够提出一项医保政策,并切实证明新政策比上一届政府提出的医保改革更加有效,能够尽可能地以较低价格覆盖广大美国人民,我会公开支持这种新的医保政策。

  种族和移民问题

  美国总统大选结束后,一些人认为美国已经进入后种族时代。尽管这种种族融合的愿望是好的,但是却不太可能真正实现。目前,种族问题仍然是一个可能造成社会分裂的重大问题。以我个人经历来看,如今美国社会的种族问题比二十、三十年前有了较大改善,这种社会进步不仅仅体现在统计数字中,也可以从不同政治观念的年轻一代美国人的态度中看出来。

  但是,我们的工作还远远没有结束。我们每个人都还有很多工作去做。如果每个经济问题都通过勤劳的美国中产阶级与少数族群之间的冲突来解读,那么各个种族的工人阶级将为一点点剩余的劳动果实争得头破血流,而那些富人会进一步收缩进他们自己的小圈子。如果我们仅仅因为移民后裔长得不像我们,就拒绝给这些孩子投资,那我们也是在牺牲美国人后代的希望,因为这些移民后裔未来会在美国工薪阶层占很大比例。

  少数族裔问题

  对于黑人和其他少数族群需要共同奋斗来解决许多美国人面临的问题,这不仅仅包括难民、移民、农村的群人和变性人,也包括那些看上去享受各种社会优待的中年男性白人,因为这些人都面临全社会经济、文化和科技发生重大变革的挑战。

  政治是一场观点的较量,这也是民主体制的设计理念。但是,如果每个政治团体没有一些社会共识,不愿意去了解新的信息,不愿意去承认对手方的论点合理,也不愿意通过科学论据理性思考,那么这场辩论中没有人在聆听,双方就不可能产生共识或者妥协。

  环境保护

  如果我们不采取更加积极的环境保护措施,我们的下一代就没有时间再讨论环境变化是否存在,而是忙于处理环境变化带来的后果,包括自然灾害、经济发展停滞以及环境难民寻求避难等问题。现在,我们能够也应当讨论如何最好地解决环境变化问题。但是,如果我们仅仅否认环境问题存在,这不仅仅是背叛下一代,也背叛了历史先驱们寻求创新并解决实际问题的精神。

  恐怖袭击

  过去八年中,没有任何一个境外恐怖主义组织成功地在美国本土上计划并执行一次恐怖袭击。尽管美国发生了本土滋生的恐怖主义袭击事件,包括波士顿马拉松炸弹袭击以及圣博娜迪诺袭击事件。对于那些一直坚守在工作岗位上的反恐工作人员,担任你们的指挥官是我一辈子的荣耀。

  我反对任何歧视美国穆斯林群体的行为。我们需要更加警惕,但是不需要害怕ISIL组织(伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国)杀害更多无辜的人民。如果我们在斗争中坚守美国宪法和核心精神,他们就无法战胜美国。俄罗斯或者中国等其他国家无法匹敌美国在全球范围内的影响,除非我们自己放弃这种影响力,变成一个只会欺负周边小国的大国。

  不论我们属于哪一个党派,我们所有人都应当致力于重建美国的民主政治制度。我们的民主宪法是一项杰出的成就,也是上天赐予的礼物,但是这仅仅是一张纸,宪法本身不具备任何力量。宪法的力量是我们美国人民通过参与选举、做出决议赋予的。

  美国人应当成为积极参与政治的公民,让参与政治成为日常生活的一部分,特别是如果一些人对目前美国政治的现状不满的话:如果你厌倦了与互联网上的陌生人争辩,可以考虑在现实生活中与异见人士辩论。如果你认为一些问题需要被解决,那就采取行动组织力量。如果你对选举出来的政府官员不满意,那就争取其他人的支持来自己竞选。

  致谢

  米歇尔,过去二十五年中,你不仅仅是我的妻子孩子的母亲,也是我最好的朋友。你担任了一个不是你争取来的职责,但是你的优雅、勇气和幽默都给这个身份烙上了你自己的印记。

  (奥巴马转向他的女儿)你们两个女孩聪明、美丽,更重要的是,你们善良而又充满热情。过去几年中,你们没有被聚光灯所累。在我的一生中,我为成为你们的父亲而自豪。

  (感谢副总统拜登)从宾州斯克兰顿到特拉华州,你是我当选美国总统后提名的第一个人选,也是我最好的选择。拜登是一个好兄弟,就像家人一样。

  (感谢工作人员)你们改变了这个世界。今晚,我将离开这个舞台,但是我对于这个国家比我刚上任时更加乐观.

  美国民众对国家充满信心

  我希望你相信,不仅仅相信我能够为美国带来改变的能力,也相信你自己能够改变这个国家的能力。

  希望你们坚信美国建国宪章中记载的精神,相信奴隶和废奴主义者传播的平等观念,相信曾经通过游行争取移民公平权利的精神,相信那些将美利坚旗帜插在海外战场和月球表面的国家信念。这种信念存在于每个普通美国人的心中。

  是的,我们能行。

  是的,我们做到了。

  是的,我们能行!

文章标题: 奥巴马卸任演讲稿(全文)
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